The necessity of Vatican II

The Council’s many theological and doctrinal accomplishments were crucial to rekindling that radical, Christ-centered faith that would be the source of a revitalized Catholic mission to convert the modern world. Fr. Joseph Ratzinger (the future Pope Benedict XVI), one of the most influential theologians at Vatican II, knew that the Council’s reception was imperfect and its implementation even more imperfect. But he identified further reasons why Vatican II was necessary and why its teaching was essential for the Church’s life going forward.