Saint Edith Stein (b. 1892) was a Jewish convert to Catholicism, who became Sister Teresa Benedicta of the Cross after joining the Discalced Carmelite order in 1933. She was arrested by the Nazi SS on August 2, 1942, sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp, and murdered with many others in a gas chamber there on August 7, 1942. She was canonized by St. John Paul II on October 11, 1998 as Saint Teresia Benedicta a Cruce.