Cardinals send ‘dubia’ to Pope Francis before Synod on Synodality

Five cardinals have submitted a new set of dubia, or doubts, to Pope Francis regarding his Synod of Bishops on synodality, focusing on women’s ordination, the blessing of same-sex unions, and the authority of the synod to issue binding teaching. The signatories to the new dubia are German Cardinal Walter Brandmüller, American Cardinal Raymond Burke, Mexican Cardinal Sandoval Íñiguez, Guinean Cardinal Robert Sarah, and Cardinal Joseph Zen, the former Bishop of Hong Kong.